Optimization that moves conditionals higher in the expression tree.
For example: X > (IF Y = 2 THEN 5 ELSE 3)
becomes: IF Y = 2 THEN X > 5 ELSE X > 3
which another rewrite turns into: ((Y = 2) AND (X > 5)) OR ((Y = 2) AND (X > 3))
This is analogous to inlining in imperative languages. The main perk is that
it exposes new opportunities for expression evaluation, particularly related to
simplification of expressions. The drawback is that it can create more complex
expressions, since the non-conditional side needs to be duplicated.
This is particularly bad for conditionals, since (1) they have three separate
subtrees that get cloned, and (2) they're already hard to optimize around.
As a resut, we only apply this optimization to expressions where the LHS or RHS is